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Eu copyright directive article reddit page

It is intended to ensure "a well-functioning marketplace for copyright". The directive was introduced by the European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs on 20 Juneand a revised proposal was approved by the parliament on 12 September The final version, which resulted from negotiations during formal trilogue meetingswas presented to the parliament on 13 February Copyright guarantees that writers, composers, musicians, filmmakers and other creators are acknowledged, compensated and protected for their work.

The directive has generally been opposed by major tech companies and most Internet users, as well as human rights advocates, but supported by media groups and conglomerates, including newspapers and publishers. Two of the Directive's articles have drawn significant discussion. Draft Article 11 Article 15 of the directiveknown as the "link tax", gives newspapers more direct control and re-use of their product, which may impact some Internet services like news aggregators.

Draft Article 13 Article 17 of the directive tasks service providers that host user-generated content to employ "effective and proportionate" measures to prevent users from violating copyright. Tech companies expressed concern that this would necessitate the need for upload filters at their current scales. A broad concern with the Directive is on the use of fair dealing through the directive, and that it could quell freedom of speech.

Copyright law of the European Union

Inthe European Commission EC announced that they would be reviewing the Directive and having stakeholder discussions in light of several issues raised with failed copyright proposals from those in the European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services position.

InJean-Claude Juncker was elected to the presidency of the European Commission and took office in November The directive fell within the ordinary legislative procedureand thus was to be approved by both the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.

Members of the European Parliament voted on 5 July not to proceed to the negotiation stage, but instead to reopen the directive for debate in September Initial trilogue meetings overseen by Romania were scheduled to start on 21 Januaryhowever, on 19 JanuaryRomania cancelled these meetings following the rejection of Romania's proposed compromise text by eleven countries: Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Finland, Slovenia, Italy, PolandSweden, Croatia, Luxembourg and Portugal.

Romania had the opportunity to revise their text to gain a majority vote, delaying the vote. The trilogue negotiations were completed on 13 Februarythe final text still retaining the controversial Articles 11 and The vote in Parliament was held on 26 Marchwith the Directive passing by a vote of MPs to [32] against.

In terms of countries, most votes in favour came from France 62Italy 39Germany 38Spain 34 and the UK 31while the most votes against it came from Germany 49Poland 33UK 30Italy 27 and the Netherlands The Directive will enter into force on 7 June Article numbers refer to the draft version of this copyright directive up through around 20 March ; the approved directive reorders several of the articles, such as draft Article 13 becoming the Directive's Article Article 4 introduces a copyright exception for text and data mining TDM for the purposes of scientific research.

Depending on whether it acknowledges the public domain status of facts and information, the TDM exception could increase or decrease restrictions compared to the status quo.

Article 5 introduces a mandatory exception for the use of copyrighted works as part of "digital and cross-border teaching activities".The copyright law of the European Union is the copyright law applicable within the European Union.

Copyright law is largely harmonized in the Union, although country to country differences exist. The body of law was implemented in the EU through a number of directiveswhich the member states need to enact into their national law.

Article 13: EU passes copyright directive which will lead to a more censored internet

Attempts to harmonise copyright law in Europe and beyond can be dated to the signature of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works on 9 September all European Union Member States are parties of the Berne Convention, [1] and compliance with its dispositions is now obligatory before accession.

The first major step taken by the European Economic Community to harmonise copyright laws came with the decision to apply common standard for the copyright protection of computer programs, enacted in the Computer Programs Directive in A common term of copyright protection, 70 years from the death of the author, was established in as the Copyright Duration Directive. The implementation of directives on copyright has been rather more controversial than for many other subjects, as can be seen by the six judgments for non-transposition of the Information Society Directive.

Changes in copyright law have also become linked to protests against the World Trade Organization and globalisation in general. The first decisions of the European Court of Justice covering copyright were made under the non-discrimination provision of Article 6 EC formerly Art. Moral rights are usually considered to be a matter for the national laws of the Member States, although some countries classify some of the above rights, especially the right of communication to the public, among the moral rights of the author rather than under his rights of exploitation.

The rights of authors are protected within their lifetime and for seventy years after their death; [15] this includes the resale rights of artists. The rights of performers last for 50 years from the distribution or communication of the performance, or for 50 years from the performance itself if it had never been communicated to the public during this period. Where a work enjoyed a longer period of protection under national law on 1 Julyits period of protection is not shortened.

Otherwise, these terms of protection apply to all works which were protected in a Member State of the European Economic Area on 1 July The Resale Rights Directive created a right for the creators of works of art to participate in the proceeds of the resale of their work.

This right, which is sometime known by its French name droit de suiteis personal to the artist and can only be transferred by inheritance. Works of art which are covered by this resale right are "works of graphic or plastic art such as pictures, collages, paintings, drawings, engravings, prints, lithographs, sculptures, tapestries, ceramics, glassware and photographs, provided they are made by the artist herself or himself or are copies which have been made in limited numbers by the artist or under his or her authority.

The Database Directive created a sui generis protection for databases which do not meet the criterion of originality for copyright protection.

It is specifically intended to protect "the investment of considerable human, technical and financial resources" in creating databases para. Member States may limit this right in the following cases: [28]. Database rights last for fifteen years from: [29]. Temporary copying which is the result of the transmission of a work or of its legal use is not covered by the exclusive right of reproduction.

Member states can implement other limitations from the list in Information Society Directive Article 5, or retain limitations which were already in force on 22 June Permitted limitations are: [31]. No new limitations may come into force after 22 June except those in the permitted limitations given in the Information Society Directive.

Limitations may only be applied in balance with the Berne three-step test that asks the exceptions be "certain special cases which do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work or other subject-matter and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the rightholder".

This explicit list of exceptions stands in contrast to the open-ended Fair Use doctrine employed by the United Statesand the European Union has typically been staunchly against considering frameworks resembling Fair Use.

Visitors To The US, What's Your \

The Enforcement Directive covers the remedies that are available in the civil courts and harmonises the rules on standingevidenceinterlocutory measuresseizure and injunctionsdamages and costs and judicial publication. Germany recognises the so-called GEMA Vermutung whereby the burden of proof is on the alleged infringer in an infringement lawsuit. Copyright collecting societies in the European Union usually hold monopolies in their respective national markets. European copyright law is harmonised to a large extent.

However, EU legislation allows for differences in the manner of member state application. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Copyright Directive. European Union copyright protections.We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from.

eu copyright directive article reddit page

To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy. The idea of making citizens carry documents to promote border security, he said, dates only to the aftermath of World War I. Generally, though, anyone with internet access has historically been able to access the vast majority of it. The internet had previously been divided into two: the open web, which most of the world could access; and the authoritarian web of countries like China, which is parceled out stingily and heavily monitored.

As of today, though, the web no longer feels truly worldwide. Instead we now have the American internet, the authoritarian internet, and the European internet. How does the EU Copyright Directive change our understanding of the web? James Vincent describes its changes, which still must be implemented by individual countries, in The Verge :.

Article 11 lets publishers charge platforms like Google News when they display snippets of news stories, while Article 13 renamed Article 17 in the most recent draft of the legislation gives sites like YouTube new duties to stop users from uploading copyrighted content. In both cases, critics say these well-intentioned laws will lead to trouble. The law does not explicitly call for such filters, but critics say it will be an inevitability as sites seek to avoid penalties.

Assuming this law is implemented, Google may choose to shut down Google News in Europe. It pulled out of Spain in after that country implemented a similar rule around displaying snippets of text. Google has said it could follow suit across Europeand other companies could follow. If Google has to pay to effectively quote news stories, what other websites might face similar restrictions?

The company famously played fast and loose with copyright during its early days, and Europe apparently has a long memory. YouTube has lobbied vigorously against the law, and galvanized impressive popular support in Europe, as Karl Bode noted in Motherboard :.

More thanEuropeans took to the streets to protest the proposal last weekend, and an online petition calling for the removal of the most controversial parts of the proposal has received more than 5 million signatures. At the moment, the defining feature of the European internet might be uncertainty. The Electronic Frontier Foundation, which lobbied against the bill, is predicting disaster. We can expect media and rightsholders to lobby for the most draconian possible national laws, then promptly march to the courts to extract fines whenever anyone online wanders over its fuzzy lines.

Whatever Internet companies and organizations do to comply with twenty-seven or more national laws — from dropping links to European news sites entirely, to upping their already over-sensitive filtering systems, or seeking to strike deals with key media conglomerates — will be challenged by one rightsholder faction or another.

One key paradox at the heart of the Directive will have to be resolved very soon.

eu copyright directive article reddit page

Article 13 is meant to be compatible with the older E-Commerce Directive, which explicitly forbids any requirement to proactively monitor for IP enforcement a provision that was upheld and strengthened by the ECJ in Any law mandating filters could be challenged to settle this inconsistency.Following the final approval by the Council and publication on the Official Journal, this new piece of EU legislation will enter into force.

After that, individual EU Member States will have 24 months to transpose it into their own national laws. The DSM Directive contains a provision, Article 15 in the original proposal it was Article 11which introduces a new right for the benefit of press publishers in relation to the online use of their publications. Article 15 builds on and follows a number of national initiatives aimed at remedying declining revenues in the press sector. Over time, the internet and new online services — such as news aggregators and media monitoring services — have been frequently indicated as being partially responsible for this phenomenon, due to the impossibility for press publishers to control and contrast unauthorised uses of press content by these subjects.

The new right, which lasts for two years from the date of publication of the relevant press publication and does not have retroactive effect, will be available to press publishers established in the EU.

Importantly, it leaves copyright protection in the relevant press publication unaffected.

The notion of press publication encompasses literary works, but also videos and pictures. It does not include scientific journals and blogs, nor does it extend to the facts covered by the relevant press publication.

The beneficiaries will be able to license the online use of their press publications to information society service providers. In addition, authors of press publications will be entitled to an appropriate share of the revenues realised through licensing of online uses of press publications.

eu copyright directive article reddit page

First, the beneficiaries will only be press publishers established in an EU Member State: this means that press publishers established outside the EU would not be eligible for protection under Article Second, it is true that the right does not encompass linking and does not cover use of individual words and very short extracts.

However, as the right leaves copyright protection unaffected, it is worth recalling that — in certain cases — unauthorized linking to protected content might fall within the scope of copyright, and that the reproduction of even short extracts might fall within the scope of the right of reproduction if what has been reproduced is sufficiently original. The text of the DSM Directive leaves a number of key points unaddressed, which are likely to be crucial during the national transposition phase and, later on, in practice and — potentially — litigation.

It is unclear whether beneficiaries of the right will be able to waive it, lacking a specific prohibition to the contrary and considering the wording of Recital 82 in the preamble to the directive. Overall, it appears likely that different Member States might opt for different ways to implement the DSM Directive into their own laws, and that influencing the debate at the national level would be of significant importance for interested stakeholders.

Europe’s controversial overhaul of online copyright receives final approval

Subscribe now. Sign in. Log into your account. Forgot your password? Password recovery. Recover your password. Thursday, December 17, Subscribe to Updates. Get help. Publishing Social Media. European Commission publishes sweeping new rulebook for online platforms offering services in Europe. Australian legislative update: digital platforms proposed to pay news media for content. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Latest Articles. Bryony Hurst - 16 December 0.

Yesterday was a busy day for Europe in terms of tech regulation. In addition to the ground-breaking announcements made by the European Commission of European Commission publishes sweeping new rulebook for online platforms offering services Popular Categories. Subscribe to our email updates Subscribe now.We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from.

To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy. The European Parliament has given final approval to the Copyright Directive, a controversial package of legislation designed to update copyright law in Europe for the internet age. Members of parliament voted in favor of the law and against. The directive will now be passed on to EU member states, who will have 24 months to translate it into national law. The Copyright Directive has been in the works for more than two years, and has been the subject of fierce lobbying from tech giants, copyright holders, and digital rights activists.

Details of legislation will have to be decided by individual EU member states, but the law will likely have a huge impact on how the internet works in Europe and further afield. Advocates of the directive say it will balance the playing field between American tech giants and European content creators, giving copyright holders power over how internet platforms distribute their content.

But critics say the law is vague and poorly thought-out, and will end up restricting how content is shared online, stifling innovation and free speech.

MEPs refused to even consider amendments. The results of the final vote: in favor, against SaveYourInternet pic. Article 11 lets publishers charge platforms like Google News when they display snippets of news stories, while Article 13 renamed Article 17 in the most recent draft of the legislation gives sites like YouTube new duties to stop users from uploading copyrighted content. In both cases, critics say these well-intentioned laws will create trouble. The law does not explicitly call for such filters, but critics say it will be an inevitability as sites seek to avoid penalties.

But experts say any filters that are introduced will likely be error-prone and ineffective. They also note that given the cost of deploying such technology, the law may have the opposite effect to its intent — accidentally solidifying the dominance of US tech giants over online spaces. The possible effects of the link tax are equally tricky to predict. The law is mainly focused on services like Google Search and Google News, which show snippets of news articles.

Google has said that if newspaper choose to charge licenses for this material it will be forced to strip back the content it shows in search and shutter Google News altogether. Critics have accused the company of deploying scare tactics, circulating stripped-down screenshots of Google Search like the one below.

But the link tax has been introduced in both Germany and Spain, and both times it was a failure. The approval of the copyright directive will be upsetting for many across Europe. More than one hundred thousand individuals have protested the legislation over the past few weeks, and more than five million signed a petition calling for the removal of Article Last week, sites including Reddit, PornHub, and Wikipedia also protested the legislation. Most individuals are worried that their experience of the web will be adversely affected, but the legislation will also have a huge affect on business people.

Despite these reactions, industry groups from the world of music, publishing, and film celebrated the passage of the law.

Experts in copyright law said that despite both jubilant and unhappy reactions, the real test is yet to come. Cookie banner We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from.

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Health Energy Environment. YouTube Instagram Adobe. Kickstarter Tumblr Art Club. Film TV Games. Fortnite Game of Thrones Books. Comics Music. Linkedin Reddit Pocket Flipboard Email.Article 13 of the copyright directive mandates that websites are responsible for keeping copyrighted materials off of their site — in the most absolute sense.

Over the next two years, the directive will need to be written into law in each of the EU member states — thought none of the companies in any of the states know how they will comply with the coming laws.

Article 13 changes the current Take Down requirements and upgrades them to Stay Down requirements. Essentially, a site like YouTube only has to remove copyright infringing material when it is reported.

The Stay Down approach to copyright infringement also applies to livestreams. Under the passed directive, livestreaming sites like Twitch would be responsible to make sure that no streams feature copyrighted music — another technical challenge that cannot be legislated away. The reaction has been swift and powerful. Around the EU, from Switzerland to Germany and beyondhundreds of thousands of citizens marched in protest of the ridiculous, internet breaking, rules.

Even more, over five million, signed an online petition to bring an end to the vote. Despite all this, On March 26th,the EU Parliament still voted to pass Article 13, Article 11, and the rest of the copyright directive.

In the meantime, EU internet users have no choice but to sit back and watch this poorly conceived law take hold and the internet shrink around them — that is, unless they have Private Internet Access. Interesting and eye-opening article for people unaware of this first move by the EU towards becoming like China and Russia. Last weak there were more than The article was voted and afterwards the politicians requested to change their votes so that it looks like they would support the opinion of the people.

This is weird, because with the changed votes, the article would be dismissed. But the European Parliament still holds on it. This is a directive written by the Axel Springer Verlag. A big publishing company that influences politicians to gain power. Article EU passes copyright directive which will lead to a more censored internet Posted on Mar 26, by Caleb Chen. Andrew Hamilton. Europe citizen.The development of pay-TV in particular has transformed the broadcasting of premium sports leagues.

Live content is a key subscription driver for those leagues and underpins many pay-TV business models. As the pay-TV subscriber base rises and revenue per user grows, operators are investing increasing sums to secure this key content.

In 2014 about three quarters of the total value of premium broadcast rights fees will be generated by ten competitions: the top-tier domestic football leagues in England, France, Germany, Italy and Spain, the UEFA Champions League, and the four major North American professional leagues. See Terms of Use for more information. DTTL and each of its member firms are legally separate and independent entities.

Please see About Deloitte to learn more about our global network of member firms. Please enable JavaScript to view the site. Job Search Students Experienced Hires Executives Life at Deloitte Alumni dataLayer. This increase will be driven by new agreements with certain top tier European domestic football (soccer) leagues and major North American sports leagues.

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